When to Get Checked?


Risk Factors


Grading and Staging


When a digital rectal exam (DRE) or a PSA test reveal abnormal results, the next step is further testing to determine whether prostate cancer is present, or another cause may be to blame.

Your doctor will evaluate your test results and any symptoms you may be experiencing and recommend the next tests you may need. The most common diagnostic tests for the prostate include:

MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is sometimes used to create a more detailed set of images than an ultrasound can provide.

Biopsy: A biopsy entails taking a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope. During a biopsy procedure transrectal ultrasound is used to visualize the prostate. A neelde is then guided into the prostate and tissue samples are obtained. Oftentimes the MRI images are also used to guide the biopsy procedure. The collected tissue is examined under a microscope by a pathologist, to confirm the presence or absence of cancerous cells.

Prostate Cancer Diagnosis

Prostate Anatomy